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Costs are recorded exclusive of value added tax. The reliability of supply and transparency of tariffs index is calculated on the basis of the following six components: The ranking of economies on the ease of getting electricity is determined by sorting their distance to frontier scores for getting electricity.
If the duration and frequency of outages is or less, the economy is eligible to score on the Reliability of supply and transparency of tariff index. If the duration and frequency of outages is not available, or is over , the economy is not eligible to score on the index.
The ease with which businesses can secure rights to property is shown below. Included are the number of steps, time, and cost involved in registering property. The total number of procedures legally required to register property. A procedure is defined as any interaction of the buyer or the seller, their agents if an agent is legally or in practice required or the property with external parties. The total number of days required to register property. The measure captures the median duration that property lawyers, notaries or registry officials indicate is necessary to complete a procedure.
Cost is recorded as a percentage of the property value, assumed to be equivalent to 50 times income per capita. Only official costs required by law are recorded. The quality of land administration index has five dimensions: The ranking of economies on the ease of registering property is determined by sorting their distance to frontier scores for registering property.
Measures on credit information sharing and the legal rights of borrowers and lenders are shown below. The Legal Rights Index ranges from , with higher scores indicating that those laws are better designed to expand access to credit. The Credit Information Index measures the scope, access and quality of credit information available through public registries or private bureaus.
It ranges from , with higher values indicating that more credit information is available from a public registry or private bureau.
This index measures the degree to which collateral and bankruptcy laws protect the rights of borrowers and lenders and thus facilitate lending. This index measures rules and practices affecting the coverage, scope and accessibility of credit information available through either a public credit registry or a private credit bureau. This indicator reports the number of individuals and firms listed in a public credit registry with information on their borrowing history from the past 5 years.
This indicator reports the number of individuals and firms listed by a private credit bureau with information on their borrowing history from the past 5 years.
The ranking of economies on the ease of getting credit is determined by sorting their distance to frontier scores for getting credit. These scores are the distance to frontier score for the sum of the strength of legal rights index and the depth of credit information index. The indicators below describe three dimensions of investor protection: The indexes vary between 0 and 10, with higher values indicating greater disclosure, greater liability of directors, greater powers of shareholders to challenge the transaction, and better investor protection.
This index is the average of the extent of disclosure index, the extent of director liability index, and the ease of shareholder suits index. This index is the average of the extent of shareholder rights index, the strength of governance structure index, and the extent of corporate transparency index.
The ranking of economies on the strength of minority investor protections is determined by sorting their distance to frontier scores for protecting minority investors.
These scores are the simple average of the distance to frontier scores for the extent of conflict of interest regulation index and the extent of shareholder governance index. This topic records the taxes and mandatory contributions that a medium-size company must pay or withhold in a given year, as well as measures the administrative burden of paying taxes and contributions and complying with postfiling procedures.
The present value of the losses in interest earnings experienced by the firm because the utility holds a security deposit over a prolonged period. The time it takes to prepare, file and pay or withhold the corporate income tax, value added or sales tax, and labor taxes, including payroll taxes and social contributions in hours per year. The total tax rate measures the amount of taxes and mandatory contributions payable by the business in the second year of operation, expressed as a share of commercial profits.
The postfiling index is based on four components—time to comply with VAT or GST refund, time to obtain VAT or GST refund, time to comply with corporate income tax audit and time to complete a corporate income tax audit. If both VAT or GST and corporate income tax apply, the postfiling index is the simple average of the distance to frontier scores for each of the four components.
If only VAT or GST or corporate income tax applies, the postfiling index is the simple average of the scores for only the two components pertaining to the applicable tax. If neither VAT or GST nor corporate income tax applies, the postfiling index is not included in the ranking of the ease of paying taxes.
The ranking of economies on the ease of paying taxes is determined by sorting their distance to frontier scores on the ease of paying taxes.
These scores are the simple average of the distance to frontier scores for each of the four component indicators — number of tax payments.
The nonlinear distance to frontier for the total tax rate is equal to the distance to frontier for the total tax rate to the power of 0. The threshold is defined as the total tax rate at the 15th percentile of the overall distribution for all years included in the analysis up to and including Doing Business , which is All economies with a total tax rate below this threshold receive the same score as the economy at the threshold. Names of taxes have been standardized. For instance income tax, profit tax, tax on company's income are all named corporate income tax in this table.
The hours for Social Security include all the hours for labor taxes and mandatory contributions in general. The postfiling index is the average of the scores on time to comply with VAT refund, time to obtain a VAT refund, time to comply with a corporate income tax audit and time to complete a corporate income tax audit.
This topic measures the time and cost excluding tariffs associated with three sets of procedures—documentary compliance, border compliance and domestic transport—within the overall process of exporting or importing a shipment of goods.
The time and cost for border compliance include time and cost for obtaining, preparing and submitting documents during port or border handling, customs clearance and inspection procedures. The time and cost for documentary compliance include the time and cost for obtaining documents, preparing documents, processing documents, presenting documents, and submitting documents. The total number of documents required per shipment to export goods. Documents required for clearance by government ministries, customs authorities, port and container terminal authorities, health and technical control agencies and banks are taken into account.
The time necessary to comply with all procedures required to export goods. If a procedure can be accelerated for an additional cost, the fastest legal procedure is chosen. The Cost to export for each year is divided by GDP deflator, to take the general price level into account when benchmarking this absolute-cost indicator across economies with different inflation trends.
The total number of documents required per shipment to import goods. The time necessary to comply with all procedures required to import goods. The cost to import for each year is divided by GDP deflator, to take the general price level into account when benchmarking this absolute-cost indicator across economies with different inflation trends. The ranking of economies on the ease of trading across borders is determined by sorting their distance to frontier scores for trading across borders.
These scores are the simple average of the distance to frontier scores for the time and cost for documentary compliance and border compliance to export and import domestic transport is not used for calculating the ranking. Enforcing Contracts measures the time and cost for resolving a commercial dispute through a local first-instance court and the quality of judicial processes index, evaluating whether each economy has adopted a series of good practices that promote quality and efficiency in the court system.
The time to resolve a dispute, counted from the moment the plaintiff files the lawsuit in court until payment. When you want sluts who love to fuck you want DTFsluts. The Pornhub team is always updating and adding more porn videos every day. We have a huge free DVD selection that you can download or stream. Pornhub is the most complete and revolutionary porn tube site. We offer streaming porn videos, downloadable DVDs, photo albums, and the number 1 free sex community on the net.
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